Studies describe different aspects of child and adolescent health
The latest special issue of PLOS Medicine describes different aspects of child and adolescent health and development, as well as the social determinants of health.
The studies in the collection were selected by PLOS Medicinethe editorial team and guest editors Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Kathryn M. Yount and Quique Bassat. The accompanying editorial writing for September 28e is co-authored by guest editors and Caitlin Moyer, and focuses specifically on infant, child and adolescent health in the context of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Guest editors stress the relevance of the special issue in light of the ongoing pandemic. They point out that “there are legitimate concerns that COVID-19 has negatively impacted progress in achieving the SDGs globally, and that urgent reorientation strategies are needed before the hard-won gains of the MDGs are needed. 2000-2015. [Millennium Development Goal] period are reversed.
The research studies published in this issue include articles examining the drivers and determinants of child and adolescent health in diverse and challenging contexts. Adversity caused by poverty, pollution, deteriorating climate, and violence and conflict can impact children’s health.
Reports on major health issues and interventions in childhood and adolescence include serious bacterial infections in newborns, anti-infective measures and nutritional supplements to improve neonatal and child outcomes, cash transfers combined with additional interventions to improve the health of children in low- and middle-income countries, and factors of adolescent sexual and reproductive health.
Other studies focus on the intersection of child health and existing and challenging environments, including antenatal and postnatal care for women in conflict situations, air pollution and newborn outcomes, coverage vaccine in drought conditions in sub-Saharan Africa and psychosocial circumstances related to injury in adolescents. Additional PLOS Medicine articles will continue to be added to the special issue over the coming weeks.
The guest editors note that to maintain the focus on child and adolescent health with reference to the SDGs: “… urban poverty, environmental degradation and extreme climates, violence and conflict, and dangerous school, family and social environments “.
Guest editors add, “This collection of studies from around the world highlights the importance of social and contextual determinants of child and adolescent health and development, as well as promising innovations to improve survival, health and well-being.. “
Bhutta, ZA, et al. (2021) Interrupted Sustainable Development Goals: Overcoming the Challenges of Global Child and Adolescent Health. PLOS Medicine. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003802.