Promoting health in schools at the time of COVID-19: an exploratory survey with principals and teachers
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Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ. October 2, 2021; 11 (4): 1181-1204. doi: 10.3390 / ejihpe11040087.
The Coronavirus pandemic has impacted the emotions of the entire school population and upset the organization of the school world. In this context, it is important to reflect on the role of school health promotion. The present study aimed to explore the perspectives and experiences of school leaders and teachers on the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on the school and education system. The first objective was to collect the experience of school leaders concerning the change of school organization, with particular attention to organizational and health promotion aspects. The second was to investigate the perceived health promotion and self-efficacy of teachers in primary, middle and secondary schools. The research was carried out using qualitative (focus groups for school leaders) and quantitative (questionnaires for teachers) methods. The results showed new ways to improve well-being at school and implement health promotion through the sharing of good practices between school leaders. The need for time and space to reflect among school leaders on the pedagogical and didactic aspects of school organization also emerged. The teachers showed a low to medium level of self-efficacy regarding the adoption of strategies related to health promotion; the specifics of each year and level will be discussed.