Overcoming the challenges of global child and adolescent health

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The latest special issue of OLP Medicine describes the various aspects of child and adolescent health and development, as well as the social determinants of health. The studies in the collection were selected by OLP MedicineThe editorial team of and guest editors Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Kathryn M. Yount and Quique Bassat. The accompanying editorial publication on September 28 is co-authored by guest editors and Caitlin Moyer, and focuses specifically on the health of infants, children and adolescents in the context of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Guest editors highlight the relevance of this special issue in light of the ongoing pandemic. They point out that “there are legitimate concerns that COVID-19 has negatively impacted progress in achieving the SDGs globally, and that urgent redirection strategies are needed before the gains take a hard hit. won from the MDGs 2000-2015 [Millennium Development Goal] the period is reversed.”

The research studies published in this issue include articles examining the drivers and determinants of child and adolescent health in diverse and challenging contexts. Adversity caused by poverty, pollution, climate deterioration, and violence and conflict can impact children’s health. Reports on major health issues and interventions during childhood and adolescence include serious bacterial infections in newborns, anti-infective measures and nutritional supplementation to improve neonatal and infant outcomes, cash transfers combined with additional interventions to improve child health in low- and middle-income countries, and sexual and reproductive health factors among adolescent girls.

Other studies focus on the intersection of child health and existing challenging environments, including antenatal and postnatal care for women in conflict settings, air pollution, and neonatal outcomes. , immunization coverage under drought conditions in sub-Saharan Africa, and injury-related psychosocial circumstances among adolescents. Additional OLP Medicine articles will continue to be added to the special issue over the coming weeks.

The guest editors note that to maintain the focus on child and adolescent health in reference to the SDGs: “…there is a need to recognize and address health inequities among children and adolescents resulting from differentiated exposures to dynamic social contexts around the world, including urban poverty, environmental degradation and climate extremes, violence and conflict, and unsafe school, family and social environments”.

The guest editors add: “This collection of studies from around the world highlights the importance of social and contextual determinants of child and adolescent health and development, as well as promising innovations to improve survival, health and well-being. -be.

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Quote: Overcoming the challenges of global child and adolescent health (2021, September 28) retrieved May 15, 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-09-global-child-adolescent-health.html

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