Influence of the Home Environment on Adolescent Health Literacy
This article was originally published here
Fam Community Health. 2022 Jan-Mar 01; 45 (1): 1-9. doi: 10.1097 / FCH.00000000000000314.
Adolescent health disparities are influenced by the health literacy of individuals. To date, the only household factors known to influence adolescent health literacy (AHL) are the social capital factors of parental health literacy, parental education, and household income. Therefore, the aim of this study was to broaden the understanding of familial factors that influence AHL for future interventions. A sample of 105 teens and their parents responded to an online survey. Family environment variables included family communication, family involvement, and books in the home. Quantitative correlation and regression analysis was used to explore the relationship between AHL and household factors. The results of this study suggest that parental health literacy is AHL’s best-known home enabler. Family communication and family involvement were not correlated with AHL. The number of books in the home was correlated with AHL. A good understanding of the factors influencing AHL is necessary to develop interventions. These results confirm that AHL is strongly associated with parental health literacy. Based on the importance of these findings in research, future health literacy interventions should consider incorporating a parent / guardian component. Yet what remains unknown is the mechanism between AHL and parental health literacy.