Indigenous adolescent health in Aotearoa, New Zealand: trends, policies and promoting equity for Māori rangatahi, 2001-2019
Less than 12 years
I am a boy/a man
I am a girl/woman
I identify myself in another way
Girl/woman = woman
Another way = Another way
2019 was the first survey wave in which students were able to report a gender other than male or female. Those who did not report male or female were excluded for comparability with previous surveys, and their health and well-being will be reported in other results.
Youth health care in secondary schools a framework for continuous quality improvement.
(question: what ethnicity do you belong to?) and were able to choose as many ethnicities as those that applied to them.
Pākehā, New Zealand Europeans or Other Europeans (“Whites”) were the students who selected only these ethnic groups.
I felt happy and in a good mood
I felt calm and relaxed
I felt active and vigorous
I woke up refreshed and rested
My daily life has been filled with things that interest me
Most of the time
This does not apply to me
Never – I don’t smoke now
Once or twice a month
Once or twice a week
Once in the past 4 weeks
Two or three times in the last 4 weeks
Several times a week
I don’t exercise
Not in the last 7 days
1 to 3 times
4 to 6 times
7 times or more
Who had been drinking alcohol?
Who was stoned or had taken drugs? Who was driving dangerously (speeding, racing, burnout)?
does not apply to me
Have you been treated unfairly (harassed, harassed, etc.) by the police because of your ethnicity?
Have you ever been treated unfairly (e.g. treated differently) by a teacher/guardian because of your ethnicity?
Yes, in the past 12 months
Yes, more than 12 months ago
I don’t know/not sure
What was the reason you were bullied?
I have been bullied because of my ethnicity or culture
I was bullied because of my religion
I have been bullied because of my size or body shape
I have been bullied for being lesbian, gay, bisexual or gender diverse, or because people thought I was
I have been bullied because of my disability or health condition
Other or I don’t know why I was bullied
If they were not categorized as ‘Yes’ and answered ‘Don’t know/not sure’ to any of the three questions, they were categorized as ‘Not sure’.
If the students answered “No” to all the questions, they were classified as “No”. The remaining students with missing responses were rated “NA”.
All the time
0 to 12 months ago
13 to 24 months ago
over 2 years ago