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This article was written exclusively for The European Sting by Ms. Rajvi Chaudhary, a recent graduate from Medical College Baroda and SSG Hospital, India, and Ms. Vidhi Parikh, medical intern at Parul Institute of Medical Sciences and Research and Parul Sevashram Hospital, India. . They are affiliated with the International Federation of Medical Students’ Associations (IFMSA), a cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this article are strictly the author’s and do not necessarily reflect the views of IFMSA on the subject, nor of The European Sting.


The concept of One Health (OH) is not new but was previously known as “One Medicine”. Calvin Schwabe, a veterinary epidemiologist was the first to come up with the concept of One Health. As Schwabe rightly put it: “There is no paradigm difference between human medicine and veterinary medicine. The two sciences share a common body of knowledge in anatomy, physiology, pathology, on the origins of diseases in all species ”. Thus, the two must work side by side for the development of the other.1

The ever-increasing synergies between humans and animals constitute a powerful engine for the emergence of new infectious diseases, some of which constitute a potential threat of becoming pandemic, the current Covid-19 being the perfect example. About 75% of all infectious diseases are of animal origin. Several pandemics in the history of mankind such as Covid-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Middle East respiratory syndrome, Spanish flu all originate from animals.2 In addition to climate change, the emergence of antibiotic resistance and altered ecosystems as well as the ever-increasing migration of humans across continents, resulting in serious threats to wildlife, create more possibilities for the spread of disease. zoonotic.

All developing countries are implementing the concept of OH. In May 2019, the Indian government established a national expert group on “One Health” to tackle the current pandemic and prevent future epidemics. Aspects of OH have been included in several SDGs such as SDG 13 and SDG 15. OH responses are also a central element of several projects such as the Strategic Preparedness and Response Program. the World Bank to Covid-19. 3 and Global Avian Influenza and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response Program. 4

Although the OH approach is in its infancy in India, the Center of Zoonosis, the National Center for Disease Control has published a manual for the management of zoonotic diseases. A consultation process has been initiated regarding an appropriate organizational structure for a public health cluster to support cross-sectoral activities involving both human and animal health sectors, in conjunction with government engagement on health initiatives public. 5 The avian influenza preparedness and response has been successful for India. Despite the initiatives, there are still challenges related to the adoption of the OH approach in the country for zoonoses. 6 In a developing country like India, where around 66% of the population resides in rural areas seven, galvanizing the involvement of local communities at the grassroots is crucial. Thus, community involvement must be strengthened by involving local NGOs. The concept of OH should be introduced into the school’s educational program. Research among medical students should be encouraged.

Integration of information from other disciplines such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS) whose data can guide preventive vaccination strategies and preparedness efforts to prevent disease threats and monitor control programs.8 In this digital age where almost all information is available at your fingertips, effective use of “healthmap.org” 9 and the “Outbreaks near me” mobile application ten also provide real-time intelligence on a range of emerging infectious diseases for a wide range of audiences, including international travelers.

To combat preventable conditions at the animal-human-ecosystem interface, the OH approach plays an essential role. By encouraging and promoting the OH concept on many levels, it will help achieve the best results for everyone’s well-being. One health can be a powerful platform to fight infectious and noncommunicable diseases and thus create a sustainable world for all.

The references

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3145159/
  2. https://www.visiblebody.com/blog/5-deadly-pandemics-of-the-past-and-what-we-can-learn-from-them
  3. https://www.worldbank.org/en/about/what-we-do/brief/world-bank-group-operational-response-covid-19-coronavirus-projects-list
  4. https://documents.worldbank.org/en/publication/documents-reports/documentdetail/908811468140057837/global-program-for-avian-influenza-and-human-pandemic-preparedness-and-response-gpai-program-framework- document
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232973/
  6. https://www.ijmr.org.in/article.asp?issn=0971-5916;year=2021;volume=153;issue=3;spage=281;epage=286;aulast=Dasgupta
  7. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.RUR.TOTL.ZS
  8. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301747578_Geographic_information_systems_in_Health_Basic_Concepts
  9. https://healthmap.org/en/
  10. https://outbreaksnearme.org/us/en-US/

About the Author

Rajvi Chaudhary is a recent graduate from Medical College Baroda and SSG Hospital, India. She is a member of MSAI, IFMSA. She worked as a Covid doctor at the Mehsana Civil Hospital. She had volunteered to oversee the National Immunization Day, January 2021, organized by WHO in rural areas of Vadodara, India, for polio vaccination. She is deeply interested in how changes in lifestyle, proper exercise, and diet make positive changes in everyone’s life, which in turn reduces the risk of being physically and psychologically ill. She wishes to affiliate with research related to holistic medicine.

Vidhi Parikh is a medical intern at Parul Institute of Medical Sciences and Research and Parul Sevashram Hospital, India. She is a member of the MSAI. She also conducted a research study on menstruation when she was in her third year of medical school. She has participated in various workshops and conferences focusing on medical skills and patient care. She is an avid reader and is responsible for content at Scholarship Track. She has launched a campaign on MHM where she is raising awareness in rural areas and aims to end menstrual poverty. She is interested in research involving neonatal medicine.


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