From Concept to Action: A Solidarity, Holistic and One Health Approach to Responding to the Climate Change Crisis | Infectious diseases of poverty

Climate change is one of the greatest threats to humanity in the 21st century [1]. It was stressed that there is an urgent need to further study the direct and indirect links of climate change with natural, biological and other human-induced hazards. This will facilitate better identification and understanding of cascading and complex hazards and risks in a systematic way to address climate change as a hazard driver. [2]. The move towards a broader view and a more context-dependent definition of hazards requires a systematic approach to risk that considers hazard, vulnerability, exposure and capacity together and better understands their interaction. complex.

Climate change is a global problem that transcends national borders. Tackling climate change requires intense international coordination and cooperation, as recognized by the United Nations (UN) in 2015 when adopting the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, sustainable development of the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement on climate change. [3,4,5]. Since then, more and more international organizations and partners are implementing cross-cutting actions and services to address the threat of climate change and disaster risk reduction for sustainable development. For example, the United Nations-wide initiative, Global Framework for Climate Services, led by the World Meteorological Organization with the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Bank, the United Nations Development, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, World Food Programme, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, United Nations United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) directly involved, publish annual reports on the state of climate services. These reports aim to “facilitate the development and application of adaptation needs assessment methodologies”, in particular for risk information and early warning systems. [6].

While slowing climate change is a priority, adapting to climate change and trying to do our best to protect humans, animals and our shared environments from its negative impacts is urgently needed. It is clear that human health is intimately linked to the health of our environment, including animals and plants, and the ecosystems on which we all depend. The One Health approach is considered one of the best solutions for achieving optimal health and wellness results. [7]. A One Health High Level Expert Group (OHHLEP) has been set up by four international organizations (FAO, World Organization for Animal Health, UNEP and WHO) to collect, disseminate and disseminate reliable scientific information on the links between human, animal and environmental health. [8].

Understanding the nature of interconnected systemic hazards and risks is the basis of complex and cascading hazard and risk management for better prediction, preparedness and adaptation. This requires significant advances in understanding the role of anthropogenic systems, in recognizing precursor signals and associated correlations [9]. The interconnectedness of climate change, biodiversity, environmental pollution, wildlife habitats and human health demands that all of these issues be addressed as a whole, with their multiple interactions. The protection and restoration of ecosystems, as well as the wise use of its limited resources, are the essential basis for human prosperity and well-being. [10]. Recognizing this, the global community needs to better understand the link between climate change and One Health. In this short article, we emphasize the link between climate change and One Health, and offer recommendations for approaches and implementations of the One Health concept to action taking into account climate change. Here we present four key messages and recommendations with the aim of guiding future research and promoting international cooperation to achieve a more resilient world to climate change.

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