A One Health approach to realizing the global health agenda – The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology

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This article was written exclusively for The European Sting by Ms. Sadia Khalid, Junior Researcher and PhD student at Tallinn University of Technology (TalTech), Estonia. It is affiliated with the International Federation of Medical Students’ Associations (IFMSA), a cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this article belong strictly to the author and do not necessarily reflect IFMSA’s point of view on the subject, nor that of The European Sting.

One of the main aspects of the global health agenda is to unify two difficult areas of our time; interdependence and globalization and to develop strategies that tackle growing inequalities within and between nations.

One Health is a multidisciplinary and multisectoral approach to achieving optimal health. this approach provides opportunities to use collaborative skills to address complex health threats by recognizing the interconnectedness between humans, animals, plants and their common environment.

Contemporaneous with the emphasis on the need for strategic planning at national and international levels for zoonotic diseases, food security, antimicrobial resistance and climate change, we observe in clinical practice and in faculty of medicine that its application is largely absent, which would be an obstacle to achieving the global health agenda.

Participation and benefits of One Health for medical schools and global health centers can be achieved by: 1) Disseminating and improving access to information, tools, guidance, literature reviews, protocols and resources already existing ones available in communities practicing One Health.
2) a small team at an institute dedicated to directing faculty and students to helpful One Health resources. 3) Use entry points such as lesson plans or special workshops/courses or posts on the institute website/social media pages to activate a health resource.
4) Use available platforms (eg MOOCs) for equitable access to information globally.
5)Incorporate innovative teaching methods and advanced assessment methods and tools for better support of students working in interdisciplinary teams.
6) Encourage students to participate in public and global health conferences, free monthly CDC webinars on a health topic, and enable the incorporation of relevant information on that topic on relevant ecological and epidemiological factors for disease risk in tools commonly used by the medical community (e.g., Medscape).
7) To pave the way for the effective flow of information not only within the medical and health community, but also for the dissemination of information outside its immediate domain for an equitable penetration of knowledge for the global health agenda. health.
8) Ensure appropriate management of the information chain to exploit front-line reports on data and responses from all disciplines to be put in place. Careful consideration should be given to the design, operation, and workflow needs of the channel, as well as the usefulness of potential users.
9) Develop innovative partnerships such as connecting students and professors from different departments through collaborative research exchange programs, multidisciplinary training, integrated curriculum, interdisciplinary events. It will respond to the needs for improving health status, including at the community level. It is essential to identify entry points and key competencies for applied training and health practitioners for problem-solving skills in engaging One Health strategies. Finally, a clear plan of action and rationale for promoting and developing One Health policies in the sector is of the utmost importance, as the One Health approach to informing solutions for the agenda can only be achieved by empowering and training health professionals to better identify and communicate emergencies. public health threats.

These goals would be a valuable contribution to already existing metrics, resources and stakeholders through more holistic and effective service delivery and will allow us to better manage the determinants of poor health. Therefore, we believe that the global health agenda can be achieved by important actors such as medical and global health educators, practitioners and students who explore and integrate the One Health approach locally and globally in their work.


The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

The references:

Machalaba CC, Salerno RH, Barton Behravesh C, et al. Institutionalizing One Health: From Assessment to Action. Health Safety. 2018; 16(S1): S37–S43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/hs.2018.0064

Machalaba, C. et al, 2021. Applying a One Health Approach in Global Health and Medicine: Strengthening the Engagement of Medical Schools and Global Health Centers. Annals of Global Health, 87(1), p.30. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2647

About the Author

Sadia Khalid, Junior Researcher and PhD student at Tallinn University of Technology (TalTech), Estonia. She is working on her research project “The role of the intestinal microbiota Helicobacter pylori in the development of liver diseases. under the supervision of Dr. Pirjo Spuul from the Faculty of Science, Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology.TalTech. Previously, she worked as a Transgeno Project Specialist under the supervision of Professor Ali Reza at the University of Tartu, Estonia. She received her PhD in Emergency Medicine in 2017 from Dalian Medical University, China and her MBChB in 2013 from Weifang Medical University, China. His current research interests include infectious diseases, bacteriology, hepatology and gastroenterology.

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