A digital personal health library to enable precision health promotion to prevent cancers associated with the human papillomavirus
This article was originally published here
Health figures before. Jul 21, 2021; 3: 683161. doi: 10.3389 / fdgth.2021.683161. Electronic collection 2021.
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the United States. Young, sexually active adults are susceptible to HPV, which accounts for about 50% of new STIs. Oncogenic HPV subtypes 16 and 18 are associated with squamous intraepithelial lesions and cancers and are primarily preventable with prophylactic HPV vaccination. Accordingly, the objectives of this study are to (1) summarize SDoH barriers and their implication for low HPV vaccination rates in young adults (18-26 years old), (2) provide a digital health solution that uses the PHL to collect, integrate and manage sexual and health information, and (3) describe the functionality of the PHL-based application. Through the application of new artificial intelligence techniques, in particular knowledge representation, semantic web and natural language processing, this proposed PHL-based application will compile clinical, biomedical and SDoH data from sources multidimensional. Therefore, this app will provide digital health interventions tailored to the specific needs and capabilities of individuals. The PHL-based app could promote the management and use of personalized digital health information to facilitate precision health promotion, thereby informing health decision-making regarding HPV vaccinations, routine HPV / STI testing, cancer screenings, vaccine safety / efficacy / side effects, and sexual safety. In addition to detecting vaccine reluctance, disparities and perceived barriers, this app could address participants’ specific needs / challenges in health literacy, technical skills, peer influence, education, language, cultural and spiritual beliefs. Precision health promotion focused on improving knowledge-building and information-seeking behaviors, promoting safe sex, increasing HPV vaccinations, and facilitating cancer screening could be effective in preventing cancers associated with HPV.